The following information is from HelpAge International, an IAHSA International Partner
The world is ageing
- Ageing is a triumph of our times – a product of improved public health, sanitation and development. Yet over 100 million older people live on less than a dollar a day.
- Today, 1 in 10 people are over the age of 60. By 2050, one in five people will be over 60.
- The increasing share of older people in the world’s population results from a combination of massively increased life expectancy and reduced fertility. Total fertility is expected to decline from 2.82 children per woman in 1995-2000 to 2.15 children per woman in 2045-2050. Life expectancy worldwide is expected to increase by 11 years from 65 in 1995-2000 to 76 in 2045-2050, despite the impact of HIV/AIDS.
Most of the world's older people live in developing countries
- Even in the poorest countries, life expectancy is increasing and the number of older people is growing. In 2000, there were 374 million people over 60 in developing countries – 62% of the world's older people.
- By 2025, 57% of the world's population 80 years or older will be living in developing countries
- In every region, the rate of population increase for the 65 and over age group is higher than for the under-14 age group and the 15-64 age group.
Many older people in developing countries live in poverty
- Poverty rates in households with older people are up to 29% higher than in households without.
- 70% of all older people live in low or middle-income countries.
- At best, older people live on between a third and a half of average incomes
- Lack of food is a serious cause of ill health in older people.
- Older widows are among the poorest and most vulnerable groups in developing countries.
Older women outnumber older men
- In 2012, there were 71 men for every 100 women over 60 in developed countries, and only 44 men per 100 women over the age of 80.
- In developing countries, women are expected to make up an increasing share of the older population. However, this gap is increasing due to increased life expectancy.
Ageing with HIV/AIDS
- In the U.S., 11% of new HIV infections occur among persons 50 years or older
- Older people are the primary carers for orphaned and vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS and those living with HIV/AIDS.
- Discrimination, ignorance and poor clinical treatment continues to ensue for ageing persons with AIDS
- Many health systems are not ready to cope with the influx of ageing HIV-positive people requiring medication and care